Table of Contents
ReactJS Hooks Interview Questions: React Hooks represent a fundamental shift in how React apps are built. Mastering their ins and outs is essential for any React developer today.
As a result, React Hooks questions have become a hot topic in technical interviews. Interviewers want to verify that you have real depth of knowledge on how Hooks work under the hood.
In this guide, we’ll overview 8 of the most common and insightful React Hooks interview questions. We’ll provide sample answers to each, and tips to help you nail your responses.
Ace these questions, and you’ll prove your advanced React skills and pass your next React interview with flying colors! Let’s get started.
Q1: What problems do React Hooks aim to solve?
Hooks were introduced to directly address certain challenges in the React ecosystem:
- Eliminate the need for complex component class hierarchies just to share stateful logic between components.
- Allow use of React features like state and lifecycle methods within function components, which are simpler.
- Enable splitting complex components into smaller functions based on related features (like logic and UI).
- Simplify sharing stateful non-visual logic between components such as data fetching.
- Reduce complexity of managing many Component lifecycle methods.
Hooks solve the problem of stateful logic sharing across components without forcing structured code.
Q2: How do React Hooks differ from classes?
Some key differences between React Hooks and classes:
- Hooks allow use of React features like state in function components – classes required extending React.Component.
- Hooks encourage spliting code into smaller functions by related functionality rather than siloed components.
- Hooks manage state and lifecycles in a declrative way vs imperatively via class methods.
- Hooks avoid nesting component code – it can be split out yet still accessed.
- Hook composition enables code reuse without inheritance hierarchy.
In summary, Hooks provide greater flexibility and code organization options.
Q3: What rules must React Hooks follow? Why?
There are 2 key rules when using Hooks:
- Only call Hooks at the top level of React function components.
- Only call Hooks from React function components (not standard functions).
These rules exist because React relies on the order of Hook calls to associate them with components.
By following these rules, React can match Hooks to components correctly and preserve state properly across renders. Breaking the rules could lead to bugs.
Q4: When would you use a custom Hook vs built-in Hooks?
I would use a custom Hook in these cases:
- I need to reuse stateful component logic in multiple components
- I want to split complex component logic into smaller functions
- I need to abstract awaycomplex implementation details
- I want to control the level of abstraction offered by a Hook
Built-in Hooks are great for common cases like using state. Custom Hooks shine for encapsulating custom shared logic.
Q5: Explain how the useState Hook works
The useState Hook adds local state to a function component.
It accepts an initial state value and returns an array with 2 elements:
- The current state value
- A state setter function to update it
const [count, setCount] = useState(0);
useState is called within the component function body. Updating state via the setter triggers a re-render.
Multiple state values can be tracked by calling useState multiple times. The Hook manages each state variable’s identity separately.
Q6: How does useEffect differ from component lifecycle methods?
The useEffect Hook combines the functionality of some Component lifecycle methods:
- It runs on mount and unmount like componentDidMount/componentWillUnmount.
- It runs after render like componentDidUpdate allowing DOM manipulation.
- It can take a dep array like shouldComponentUpdate to control rerenders.
However, useEffect usage differs from lifecycle methods:
- useEffect is declarative while lifecycles are imperative.
- Updates inside useEffect synchronously trigger rerenders vs being batched.
- Multiple useEffect calls can separate concerns vs 1 componentDidUpdate.
- Effects don’t have direct analogs of componentWillReceiveProps or componentWillUpdate.
Q7: Why is useCallback useful?
The useCallback Hook creates a memoized callback that only changes if dependencies update.
This helps optimize performance in cases like:
- Passing callbacks to optimized child components that rely on reference equality to prevent unnecessary renders (React.memo, shouldComponentUpdate).
- Passing callbacks to 3rd party libraries that require stability across renders.
- Referencing callback values in useEffect/useMemo without causing re-creation.
It’s essentially an alternative to declaring callback functions inline.
Q8: How do custom Hooks differ from higher order components?
While both allow sharing logic, key differences include:
- Custom Hooks pass along state while HOCs wrap components.
- Hooks avoid nesting components while HOCs increase nesting.
- Hooks split logic by features while HOCs split by components.
- Hooks improve tree traversal while HOCs make it more complex.
- Hooks have access to React features while HOCs rely on props.
In summary, Hooks enable better code organization and reuse than HOCs in most cases.
Key Takeaways for Answering React Hooks Interview Questions
Answering React Hooks questions requires deep knowledge of Hook principles and usage.
Keep these tips in mind when prepping:
- Understand how Hooks differ from classes and lifecycle methods.
- Know the Hook call rules and why they exist.
- Be able to explain Hooks like useState and useEffect in depth.
- Have examples of custom Hook use cases handy.
- Highlight how Hooks enable better code splitting than HOCs.
- Mention common performance optimizations like useCallback.
Now you’re ready to tackle even the toughest React Hooks interview questions! Best of luck with your React job search.